The performance of market indices in Saudi Arabia varied amid the decline in oil prices and the organization of secondary stock offerings in the Saudi stock market


The market indices in the Middle East have been subject to a roller-coaster ride, predominantly influenced by the erratic behavior of oil prices in recent trading sessions. This volatility has been a focal point for investors, impacting various financial instruments and indices across the region.

Understanding Market Indices

What Are Market Indices?

Market indices are statistical measures that represent the performance of a group of stocks or securities. In the Middle East, these indices serve as critical benchmarks for evaluating the financial health of the region’s economies.

Importance in Financial Markets

These indices provide insights into the overall health of financial markets, reflecting the collective performance of companies listed within them. They are often used by investors to gauge market trends and make informed investment decisions.

Factors Influencing Market Indices in the Middle East

The recent mixed performance of these indices can be attributed to multiple factors.

Impact of Oil Prices

The significant decline in oil prices, with Brent crude recording a 1.20 percent drop to $80.98 per barrel and US West Texas Intermediate crude falling by 1.41 percent to $76 per barrel, has triggered fluctuations in the market indices.

Geopolitical Tensions and Global Economic Conditions

Beyond oil prices, geopolitical tensions and global economic conditions have contributed to the uncertain trajectory of these indices. Conflicting geopolitical interests and wavering global economic indicators have added layers of complexity to market dynamics.

Performance Analysis of Market Indices

Historical Trends and Current Scenario

Historically, the Middle East’s market indices have showcased resilience amidst various challenges. However, the present scenario exhibits a more volatile landscape, marked by sharp fluctuations and divergent trends across different sectors.

Brent Crude Oil Decline

Factors Contributing to the Decline

The decline in Brent crude oil prices has been influenced by various factors, including concerns over oversupply, geopolitical uncertainties, and shifting demand-supply dynamics.

Effects on Market Indices

This decline in Brent crude has directly impacted sectors closely tied to oil, reflecting in the performance of corresponding indices.

US West Texas Intermediate Crude Decline

Comparison with Brent Crude Oil and Regional Implications

Comparatively, the decrease in US West Texas Intermediate crude carries its implications. The divergence in these crude prices further complicates the landscape, affecting regional indices differently.

Market Sentiments and Investor Reactions

Volatility, Confidence, and Speculations

This flux in oil prices has led to increased volatility, challenging investor confidence and giving rise to speculations regarding future market movements.

Long-term Prospects for Market Indices

Potential Recovery Factors and Analyst Predictions

Despite the current turbulence, analysts foresee potential recovery factors. Factors such as demand resurgence, stabilizing geopolitical scenarios, and industry-specific developments might contribute to a future market upswing.


The fluctuating oil prices have undeniably injected volatility into the market indices of the Middle East. While uncertainties persist, potential factors hint at a probable recovery in the future, although the trajectory remains contingent upon multifaceted variables.

Stock movements

The stock market indexes are crucial indicators of a country’s economic health. On Thursday, the Saudi market index experienced a slight downturn, falling by 0.2% to 11,078 points. This dip was notable in various prominent companies, including Saudi Aramco, Al Rajhi Bank, and Marden Company.

Saudi Market Index: 11,078 Points

Saudi Aramco and Al Rajhi Bank observed a marginal decrease of less than 1%, while Marden Company shares plunged by 2.24%. This shift in share prices indicated a nuanced fluctuation within the Saudi market, reflecting an array of factors impacting different sectors.

Impact on Other Stock Exchanges

The Dubai Financial Market Index also witnessed a downturn, decreasing by 0.3% to 3,984.99 points. In contrast, the Abu Dhabi Securities Market Index saw a slight rise of 0.008% to reach 9,533 points, showcasing a divergence in the performance of these two closely related markets.

Moving beyond the Gulf region, the Kuwait Stock Exchange exhibited a minor increase of 0.06%, amounting to 6,664.26 points. However, the Qatar Stock Exchange faced a decline of 0.14% (14.4 points), settling at 10,208.5 points.

Egyptian Stock Exchange’s Remarkable Rise

Interestingly, the Egyptian Stock Exchange continued its upward trend, with the main index (EGX30) soaring by 1.96% to 25,519 points. This steady growth amidst regional fluctuations raises questions about the diverse influences on different stock markets.

Understanding Market Dynamics

Market fluctuations are influenced by multifaceted factors, encompassing global economic conditions, political events, investor sentiment, and long-term investment strategies. These elements intertwine to create an intricate web that shapes the rise and fall of stock market indexes.

Factors Shaping Market Movements

Global economic conditions play a pivotal role in determining the performance of stock markets worldwide. Political stability, trade agreements, and geopolitical tensions exert direct or indirect impacts on market indexes.

Additionally, investor sentiment and psychology are potent drivers of short-term fluctuations. The emotional aspect of investing often leads to rapid market movements based on perceptions, fears, or aspirations.

Long-Term Investment Strategies

In the face of such market dynamics, adopting long-term investment strategies becomes paramount. Diversification, careful analysis, and a focus on fundamental value rather than short-term fluctuations can safeguard investments against the volatility of stock markets.

In conclusion, the intricacies of stock market movements are a product of various factors. Understanding these complexities empowers investors to navigate the volatility, emphasizing the importance of informed, strategic investment decisions.

Saudi Arabia proposes rules to regulate secondary stock offerings

The Saudi Capital Market Authority (CMA) has introduced a strategic move aimed at bolstering liquidity and strengthening the Kingdom’s standing in emerging market indices. This proposed regulatory framework signifies a pivotal step in shaping the dynamics of the financial landscape in Saudi Arabia.

Proposed Regulatory Framework by Saudi Capital Market Authority

Purpose and Objectives

The primary goal of the CMA’s proposed framework is to streamline secondary offerings, enabling existing shareholders in listed companies to introduce new supply channels to the financial market. By instituting a structured process through initial public offerings, the framework aims to increase market appeal for investors and fortify the Kingdom’s position in emerging market indices.

Survey on Draft Regulatory Framework

In an inclusive approach, the CMA sought public opinion on the draft regulatory framework, extending an invitation to stakeholders and financial market participants. The 30-day feedback period until December 21st underscores the authority’s commitment to a consultative and collaborative regulatory environment.

Secondary Offerings: Market Impact

Increasing Liquidity and Market Weight

The envisaged secondary offerings are expected to bolster investor interest by amplifying the volume of shares traded in listed companies. This surge in market activity will not only augment the market weight in emerging market indices but also enhance the overall liquidity.

Diversification of Investor Base

Furthermore, the CMA anticipates that these offerings will diversify the investor base in Saudi financial markets, a move aimed at fostering stability and resilience in the market.

Offering in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Regulatory Exemption

The introduction of new rules seeks to formalize offerings within the Kingdom, streamlining transactions and simplifying regulatory procedures.

Impact of New Rules

Recent stock offerings in the Saudi financial market, particularly those conducted under regulatory exemptions, have indicated substantial success. For instance, the Saudi Public Investment Fund’s two-year venture yielded $3.2 billion, underlining the market’s buoyancy.

Recent Stock Offerings in Saudi Financial Market

Details of Offerings

These offerings, exemplified by the Saudi Public Investment Fund’s transactions involving Saudi Telecom shares and other significant trades, have significantly contributed to the market’s growth and attracted considerable attention from Bloomberg.

Significance in Market Trends

Such offerings have marked a notable trend, amplifying investor confidence and substantiating the potential of the Saudi financial market on a global scale.

Key Provisions of the Draft Document

Requirements for Shareholders

The draft document issued by the CMA outlines mandatory steps for shareholders planning a secondary offering. From appointing licensed financial advisors to adhering to specific notification timelines, the framework aims to ensure a structured and transparent process.

Controls and Mechanisms

Furthermore, the draft specifies controls regarding timing and prohibits offerings in the parallel market. It also delineates mechanisms for determining offering prices and allocation of shares, with a focus on stabilizing stock prices post-offering.


The proposed regulatory framework by the Saudi Capital Market Authority underscores a concerted effort to fortify the Saudi financial market’s infrastructure. By enhancing liquidity, diversifying the investor base, and formalizing secondary offerings, this initiative is poised to bolster the Kingdom’s presence in emerging market indices while fostering a more robust and resilient financial ecosystem.

5 deals in the Saudi stock market worth 188.4 million riyals

The Saudi Stock Exchange, known as Tadawul, operates as a significant financial market, showcasing recent individual trades that have garnered attention. These trades, cumulatively valued at 188.403 million riyals, shed light on the dynamic nature of the market and its key players.

Understanding Tadawul and the Significance of Individual Trades

Introducing Tadawul

Tadawul stands as the primary stock exchange in Saudi Arabia, a pivotal platform for trading various securities.

Importance of Individual Trades

Individual trades often offer insights into specific market movements and investor sentiment, contributing significantly to the broader market narrative.

Insights into the Recent Trades

Overview of the 5 Individual Trades

The recent session witnessed five distinct trades, each contributing to the overall market movement.

Value Analysis: 188.403 Million Riyals

Breaking down the cumulative value of these trades showcases the financial impact on the market at large.

Breakdown of Key Transactions

Arab National Bank: A Special Deal

One of the notable transactions during this period was a special deal worth 49.85 million riyals within the Arab National Bank stock market.

Al Arabi Shares and their Trading Behavior

The trading behavior of Al Arabi shares showcased intriguing fluctuations between highs and lows, offering a glimpse into market dynamics.

Gulf Training Company Deals

Three distinct deals on Gulf Training Company shares occurred, varying significantly in volume and price.

Senomi Centers’ Significant Transaction

A substantial deal valued at approximately 28.5 billion riyals through 1.5 billion shares highlighted a remarkable transaction in Senomi Centers.

Private Transactions in Stock Trading

Definition and Mechanism

Private trading elucidates an order executed through an agreement between investors, impacting trade volume and value.

Impact on Stock Markets

While private trading doesn’t influence specific market indicators, it does hold sway over trade volume, underlining its relevance in the market ecosystem.

Understanding the Market Dynamics

Trading Rules & Financial Market Authority

Adherence to trading regulations and market authority guidelines ensures fair and transparent market operations.

Differentiating Factors in Private Trading

Understanding the nuanced differences between private and public trading is crucial in comprehending their impact on market dynamics.

In conclusion, individual trades within Tadawul not only reflect monetary exchanges but also serve as windows into market sentiment and behavior. Private transactions, although discrete, play a significant role in influencing trade volumes. Understanding these dynamics remains pivotal for investors navigating the Saudi Stock Exchange.

Foreign ownership in the Saudi financial market jumps 300%

The Saudi financial market has undergone a monumental shift in recent years, marked by an astounding surge in foreign ownership. In a span of merely five years, the value of foreign ownership skyrocketed by a staggering 300 percent. This unprecedented growth is intricately tied to the concerted efforts of the Kingdom to entice foreign investments into local debt instruments and sukuks.

Embracing Foreign Investments: A Monumental Leap

The Saudi Capital Market Authority made a resounding statement, revealing that foreign ownership in the market soared to approximately 347 billion riyals by the close of 2022, constituting 14.2 percent of the total value of free shares in the primary market. To put this into perspective, this figure stood at a mere 86.86 billion riyals in 2018, accounting for a meager 3.77 percent of the total free float shares during that period.

The Evolutionary Leap Since 2015

The year 2015 marked a pivotal moment as the Saudi financial market welcomed direct foreign investors. This move propelled the market from being predominantly local to one where foreign investors now contribute over 17 percent to daily trading, a remarkable shift from the prior 4 percent, as confirmed by the Capital Market Authority.

Unprecedented Records and Unmatched Growth

The kingdom’s primary financial market witnessed an unparalleled influx of foreign investments, reaching historic highs. Net foreign investment surpassed a staggering 180 billion Saudi riyals between 2018 and 2022. Moreover, the participation of foreign investors in company offerings doubled, while their ownership in Saudi debt instruments increased tenfold post the market’s unrestricted accessibility to all categories of foreign investors in late 2020.

Unveiling Exceptional Growth in 2022

The year 2022 witnessed an unprecedented surge in foreign investments, marking the highest increase since the market’s inclusion in the emerging market indices in 2019. This surge significantly contributed to a staggering 1877 percent rise in the ownership of qualified foreign investors, culminating in 271.23 billion riyals in 2022, compared to a mere 13.7 billion in 2018 and 134.48 billion in 2019.

Efforts to Attract Foreign Investors

Abdullah bin Ghannam, the Capital Market Authority’s Undersecretary for Listed Companies and Investment Products, emphasized the Authority’s efforts to bolster foreign investor participation. The Authority’s initiatives include allowing direct foreign investments in debt instruments, facilitating international securities depository center instructions, and recent draft rules regulating foreign investment in securities.

Strategic Goals for Market Growth

Ghannam highlighted the strategic plan aiming to elevate the Saudi market globally, enhancing its competitiveness. Attracting foreign investors stands as a pivotal goal within this strategy, aimed at augmenting the market’s allure and efficiency on a global scale.

Conclusion: A Transformative Market Landscape

The meteoric rise in foreign ownership within Saudi’s financial market marks a transformative era. From a mere fraction to a significant contributor, foreign investments have reshaped the market’s dynamics, driving unprecedented growth and setting new records.

MBC Media Group intends to list on the Saudi Stock Exchange

The Saudi MBC Media Group (MBC) has made an exciting announcement today, signaling its intention to undergo an initial public offering (IPO) and list its ordinary shares on the Saudi financial market. This move marks a significant stride in the company’s trajectory and the Saudi economic landscape at large.

Details of the IPO Announcement

Percentage of Capital for Listing

MBC plans to list 10% of its capital on the stock exchange, signifying a substantial opening for investors to partake in the company’s growth. The specifics regarding the offering price remain undisclosed, leaving investors and market analysts intrigued about the potential valuation.

Approval by Saudi Capital Markets Authority

The approval from the Saudi Capital Markets Authority, granted early Tuesday, paves the way for this transformative step. While a specific submission date hasn’t been disclosed, the authorization holds validity for six months, hinting at imminent developments.

Ownership Structure and Channels

The Saudi government maintains a 60% ownership stake in MBC, a conglomerate encompassing 20 television channels broadcasting across the Middle East. This diverse portfolio positions MBC as a key player in the regional media landscape.

Significance of the IPO in Saudi Arabia

IPO Trends in Saudi Arabia

The Saudi market has witnessed a notable surge in IPO activities in recent years. This IPO aligns with a broader strategy aimed at fortifying capital markets, fostering private sector growth, and attracting robust investments.

Broader Goals of Capital Market Strengthening

The decision to take MBC public underlines Saudi Arabia’s commitment to fortifying its capital markets. This move not only diversifies investment opportunities but also augments the attractiveness of the Saudi market on a global scale.

Impact on Private Sector and Investments

Stimulating Private Sector Growth

The IPO of MBC signifies a remarkable opportunity for the private sector’s expansion. It encourages entrepreneurship and innovation, driving economic diversification beyond oil-centric ventures.

Investor Interest and Market Dynamics

The announcement is poised to captivate investor interest, potentially influencing market dynamics. The IPO’s success could spark a wave of investment inflows, amplifying economic vitality in the region.

Conclusion: Future Prospects and Concluding Thoughts

The MBC IPO marks a pivotal moment in the Saudi economic landscape. As the IPO journey unfolds, it holds the promise of transforming the media sector, fostering private sector growth, and propelling Saudi Arabia toward its economic vision.

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